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Adjectives and Agreements French

Some singular masculine adjectives form the feminine by doubling the last consonant before the ‐ e-end. See Table 6. Form the feminine singular from singular masculine adjectives ending in é by adding ‐ e as shown in Table 2. In French, adjectives MUST correspond to the noun they describe in GENDER (male/female) and number (singular/plural). In grammatical terms, the correspondence of the correct form of adjectives with the nouns they describe is called adjective conformity. English adjectives have a unique form, but in French they can have up to 4* forms, depending on the gender and the number of nouns they modify: form the feminine singular of masculine singular adjectives ending in f by changing -f to – ve. See Table 4. The singular masculine is the standard form to which feminine and/or plural endings are added. For regular adjectives**, these endings are e for feminine and s for plural. When you learn French, color names are one of the first things you study. Getting adjectives that match the noun they are changing is not easy. One of the eight parts of the language, adjectives are a kind of modifier; That is, they modify or describe names in a certain way and allow you to know the size, shape, weight, color, nationality or one of the countless other possible qualities of names.

In this article, you will learn how to match adjectives to the noun they qualify: adjectives describe a noun, and all French adjectives correspond to the noun in gender and number. Most French adjectives are plural by adding to the singular form of the adjective (masculine or feminine) -s: the masculine singular adjectives ending with them form the feminine by changing ‐ x to ‐ se, as shown in Table 3. While English adjectives always precede the nouns they describe, most French adjectives follow nouns: most French adjectives are placed after the noun (nouns) they describe. Some French adjectives precede the nouns they describe. (See: French Grammar: Placement of adjectives) Irregular adjectives in Table 7 have no rules and must be memorized. Some adjectives have both an irregular feminine form and a special masculine form used before a silent vowel or “h”: singular adjectives ending in a silent e do not change to the feminine. Masculine and feminine forms are written and pronounced in the same way, as follows: an adjective modifies a noun or pronoun. All French adjectives in number (singular or plural) and gender (masculine or feminine) correspond to the nouns they describe. In fact, in English, all the words in a sentence must correspond to each other: for example, if the noun or pronoun is singular, its verb and all the adjectives that describe it must also be singular. If the noun is feminine, the adjective it describes must also be feminine. The following color lenses are exceptions because they correspond in gender and number: The meaning of the sentence can change the spelling of adjectives. An explanation of how French adjectives should correspond to the nouns they describe An adjective is a word that describes a noun.

In English, adjectives must match their noun, meaning they must indicate whether they are masculine or feminine and singular or plural to conform to the noun. When colors are used as adjectives, they follow the general rule of French grammar to match the noun they describe. This general rule states that colors in French must correspond to different genders (woman / man) and numbers (singular / plural). There are four cases that apply to color matching in French: unlike English, most French adjectives are placed after the nouns that change them. However, some adjectives precede the noun. In addition, if you use more than one adjective to describe a noun, you must follow the investment rules. Most adjectives add e to the masculine singular form to obtain the feminine singular. Be careful when you see masculine adjectives ending in ‐e, ‐eux, ‐f and ‐er, because for these you don`t just add e.

(Note that adding this e to a previously silent consonant results in the pronunciation of that consonant. However, there is no change in pronunciation when e is added to a vowel.) See Table 1 for a list of common adjectives in their masculine or feminine form. There are some colored adjectives in French that do not follow the general rule of agreement. These colors are immutable. This means that their spelling never changes. Let`s look at some color objectives that are immutable in French and that are: The chord table below summarizes how farbadjectives follow the French grammar rule with the masculine and masculine plural singular nouns. Most adjectives in French come after the noun, unlike English. For example: They are very tall and blonde. They (masc.) are very tall and blonde. An adjective that describes two or more different gender nouns takes the plural masculine form: Tips for learning “Adjective agreement: general rules”? Share them with us! We only put a hyphen when it comes to two different colors. Adjectives serve the same purpose in French and English, but are very different in two other ways.


The man and the woman are Americans. The man and the woman are Americans. French grammar tips with Frantastique.Learn French online and try Frantastique for free. It is fun and very interesting. She is funny and very interesting. Use amplifiers to adjust the intensity of an adjective: learn more about French grammar with us. Are you still struggling with “Adjective Agreement: General Rules”? Do you want to improve your French? Try our online French lessons and get a free placement! The French use special forms of beautiful (bel), new (new) and old (old) before masculine nouns that begin with a vowel or vowel. .