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LS1969 by LANCHES THONON

What Is the Most Important Law in the Philippines

The family is big in the Philippines. No, that is an understatement; Family is everything in the Philippines. R.A. 386 (Civil Code of the Philippines) deals in detail with what is expected and required of families. If you think you`re coming to the Philippines and getting married right away with your love online, well, that may not happen. If the young woman is under 23 years of age, she must have her parents` permission to leave the house. In addition, they will have to accept the marriage or you will wait 3 months. For tax treaties, Eustaquio Ordoño has published a series on Philippine tax treaties. Other important sources of contracts are attached in books on the subject or in legal journals such as the American Journal of International Law or the Philippine Yearbook of International Law. No law may be enacted that exempts a government entity or its subsidiary in any form or an investment of public funds from the jurisdiction of the Audit Commission. The second most important law is the Labor Act, which governs the relationship between labor and capital and directly affects about 70 million of the 110 million Filipinos. The Prevention and Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism Act (2012) defines the crime of “terrorist financing” as the possession, supply, collection or use of property or funds with the unlawful and intentional intent that they will be used, in whole or in part, to commit or facilitate the commission of a terrorist act by a group, a terrorist group or group or by an individual terrorist (Article 4).

It contains the definition of what is considered “terrorist acts” in the Human Security Act (section 3(j)). The Anti-Money Laundering Council (AMLC) has the power to investigate allegations of terrorist financing (Article 10). When it comes to businesses, you need to check the negative list of Philippine investments to see what you own or can partially own. Note: There is not much that you can fully own. The sixth is taxation, the one that is the most hated and the most difficult, especially with the TRAIN law that has burdened people. The greatest challenge of all and the one that has the most value in bar exams is the law of reorganization, which deals with the presentation of complaints, the jurisdiction of the different courts and tribunals, the procedures to be followed, the deadlines and places, the documents to be attached, as well as the weights and purposes of the evidence, admissible and inadmissible evidence. that are essential, relevant and relevant. The seventh is international law, both private and public. In an era of globalization, where borders are broken and people travel and work across territories, it is imperative that we focus on this law, apart from its mother, the political law. Filipinos are among the three most quarrelsome people in the world. Many cases are brought before the courts, not because the law is actually violated, but because of the blatant misunderstanding of the law by complainants and respondents. The Supreme Court requires all aspiring lawyers to master the eight most important laws in the Philippines.

The first of these laws is political law, which governs the relationship between citizens and the state, defines the scope of Philippine territory, describes the structures of government, and determines how the legislature interacts with the executive and judiciary, and vice versa. The Constitution defines how principles such as separation of powers, mutual control and coordination should work. The last and most difficult is the right of reorganization, which includes procedures and remedies for cases and remedies, evidence and remedies, courts and places of jurisdiction, records and time limits. This is the subject that has the highest weight in bar exams. For non-lawyers, it is important that they have a working knowledge of the basics so that they can teach their lawyers fairly and confidently. There is no weapon more useful than knowledge, and ignorance can be catastrophic and even deadly. The public service is a public trust. Public servants and employees must be accountable to people at all times, serve them with the utmost responsibility, integrity, loyalty and efficiency, act with patriotism and justice, and live a humble life. These are just a few examples of how laws may differ from your home country. While researching these laws above, I found many other little quirks that would be foreign to most expats, but left them out due to their darkness and brevity. If you complain about them publicly as an expat, you won`t get into trouble anywhere.

The only thing you can do is be aware of it and adapt to it. Remember that you are considered a guest in their country and it is up to you to abide by their rules. Jones Act, formerly the Philippine Autonomy Act of 1916, a law announcing the intention of the United States government to “withdraw its sovereignty over the Philippine Islands as soon as a stable government can be established there.” The United States had acquired the Philippines in 1898 as a result of the Spanish-American War; and in 1901, legislative power over the islands was exercised by a Philippine commission effectively dominated by the Americans. One of the most important sections of the Jones Act replaced the commission with an electoral senate and extended the right to vote with minimum property qualifications to all educated Filipino men. The bill also included a bill of rights. It is important to note that an immigration agency may refuse you entry into the country for any reason it deems appropriate. As with most things in the Philippines, smile and be polite and you will have few problems. The right of persons to be safe in their persons, homes, papers and property from unreasonable search and seizure of any kind and for any purpose is inviolable and no search or arrest warrant may be issued unless there is a probable reason personally established by the judge after examination under oath or confirmation of the applicant and the witnesses he has presented; and, in particular, a description of the place to be searched and the persons or property to be confiscated.

In most situations, foreigners cannot own a country or most companies. There are exceptions (condominium ownership under R.A. 4726 – Condominium Act), but the general rule is that a foreigner simply cannot own land. You may have heard of expats saying they own land in the Philippines, but the most likely scenario is that they put it under their wives` names and have little control over what happens to the property after paying for it. There are ways to protect your “investment,” but you`ll need to hire a lawyer to explain the process and drag the paperwork. This guy made that mistake and almost lost his freedom and life for it. Defamation is a major phenomenon in the Philippines. You have to be very careful with what you say in the Philippines. The freedom of expression you may enjoy in your home country does not apply to the Philippines. . The State pursues an independent foreign policy.

Relations with other States should focus on national sovereignty, territorial integrity, the national interest and the right to self-determination. Political parties, organizations or coalitions registered under the party list system may not be represented on voter registration committees, election inspection committees, advertisers or other similar bodies. However, they have the right to appoint election observers in accordance with the law. The State shall protect the marine wealth of the nation in the waters of its archipelago, territorial sea and exclusive economic zone, and reserve its use and enjoyment exclusively to Filipino citizens. All the artistic and historical wealth of the country represents the cultural treasure of the nation and is under the protection of the state, which can regulate its elimination. The President has an official residence. The salaries of the President and the Vice-President shall be fixed by law and may not be reduced during their term of office. The increase in that allowance shall take effect only after the end of the term of office of the incumbent operator during which the increase was approved. They may not receive any other remuneration from the Government or any other source during their term of office. (4) A law on special appropriations shall specify the purpose for which it is intended and shall be supported by funds actually available, certified by the National Treasurer or to be collected there by a corresponding revenue proposal. Heads of service may appear before this Assembly on their own initiative, with the agreement of the President or at the request of one of the two Chambers, in accordance with the Rules of Procedure of each Assembly, and may be heard by the Assembly on all matters concerning their services.

Written questions shall be submitted to the Speaker of the Senate or the Speaker of the House of Representatives at least three days before their scheduled appearance. Inquiries are not limited to written questions, but may relate to related matters. If the security of the State or the public interest so requires, and the President declares it in writing, the appearance shall be carried out in executive session. (1) No person shall be appointed as a member of the Supreme Court or of a lower college unless he or she is a citizen born naturally of the Philippines ….